星期五中文课:第一章 (zhang1=chapter)

yi2 da4 dui1
        我有一大堆问题 (因为我的问题太多了),因为我住在中国 
        他讲了一大堆

nian2nian2de
        夏天太热了,我的身上粘粘的 (因为我出了很多汗)
        年糕(nian2gao1=rice cakes)吃起来粘粘的,很好吃
        我有一大对吃起来粘粘的年糕
        一个星期没打扫(da3sao3=clean),我的地板(di4ban3=floor)粘粘的

qian1ming2
        你需要我的签名吗?
        请在这签名吧
        (不能说”签名”你的名字)
        树(shu1=book)上有我的签名
        填表(tian2biao3=fill the form, biao3=form)的时候需要签名

ca1diao4 (mo3diao4=wipe away [abstract form])
        请你把墙(qiang2=wall)上的脏(zang1=dirty)东西擦掉
        把你的签名擦掉
        把这个粘粘的东西擦掉/擦掉这个粘粘的东西
        我要把我的记忆(ji4yi4=memories)抹掉

dian4zi3
        中国的电子业(ye4=industry)正在进步(jin4bu4=progress)中
        在考试中,学生不能用电子词典(ci2dian3=dictionary)
        时代广场卖很多电子产品(chan3pin3=products, shang1pin3=commodities, 商品)

gan1ga4
        他问我一个很尴尬的问题 (问我是不是一个星期没换(huan4=change)衣服(yi1fu)了)
        我告诉(gao4su)学生,’你很臭(chou4),你应该洗澡(xi3zao3)’,这个让我们很尴尬
        如果问一个美国人工资(gong1zi1=salary)是多少他会很尴尬
        为什么你看起来很尴尬?/为什么你的表情(biao3qing2=facial expression)很尴尬?

shui4dai4
        把睡袋放在车里/在帐篷(zhang4peng=tent)里
        带着睡袋帐篷去露营(lu4ying2=camping) [你什么时候露过营?] / [ying2di4=campsite)
        名胜古迹(ming2sheng4 gu3ji4=historical site)

mei2duo1shao3
        到了月底(yue4di3=end of month),我们没剩下(sheng4xia4=left over [VERB])多少钱
        买很多东西以后,我们没多少钱了
        吵架(chao3jia4=fight using words/da3jia4=physical)以后,没剩下多少个朋友了

yao4shi4
        要是/如果过了十五分钟他没来,我们就可以离开
        要是不睡觉(shui4jiao4=sleep)的话[想一想,客气一点],你就很困(kun4=sleepy)
        在中国要是你挑战(tiao3zhan4=challenge)老师(的话=attitude designates meaning),  你会很麻烦(ma2fan=troublesome)

lv3guan3/lv3she4
        这家(measure)旅馆很高级(gao1ji2=high-class)
        要是学生旅行(lv3xing2=travel)可以住(zhu4)在青年旅舍(=youth hostel)
        旅舍有公共(gong1gong4=public)的厨房(chu2fang2=kitchen),公共的洗衣机(xi3yi1ji1=washing machine),房间很大,可以付(fu4=pay)一张床(chuang2=bed)的钱

(以后写故事)。。。待续(dai4xu4=to be continued)…


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